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As California endures its third year of a historic drought, a recent record dry stretch has led to residents increasing water use despite a call from Gov. Gavin Newsom for additional conservation.
In March, water consumption increased statewide by almost 19 percent compared to March 2020, said Marielle Rhoderio, a research data specialist with the State Water Resources Control Board.
It was the highest statewide increase the state has seen, Rhoderio said during a news briefing Tuesday.
Additionally, from July 2021 to this April, Californians reduced water use by just 3.7 percent despite Newsom’s July 2021 request that residents reduce consumption by 15 percent.
The increase in consumption correlates to the dry, warm conditions experienced in March, which saw just 30 percent of average precipitation and was 3.6 degrees warmer than average, according to Western Regional Climate Center data presented during the briefing.
Feeling the heat
“This month was a lot dryer and hotter and I think the numbers are quite telling,” Rhoderio said.
The U.S. Drought Monitor report from May 3 shows that 92 percent of the state is in a “severe” drought and about 40 percent of California is enduring “extreme” drought conditions.
The latest surface water storage data from the Department of Water Resources shows that while two of the state’s 17 major reservoirs, the relatively small Folsom Reservoir and New Bullards Bar, have above average amounts of water for this time of year, many are well below average.
For example, Oroville is only at 55 percent of capacity, which is 70 percent of its average storage level, Lake Shasta is at 40 percent of average, Lake Sonoma is at 37 percent, New Melones Reservoir is at 38 percent and San Luis Reservoir is at 46 percent.
Additionally, the most recent statewide survey shows that California’s snowpack is only 22 percent of normal for this time of year.
Following the driest three months to start a year in the state’s history, Newsom on March 28 issued an executive order calling on local water agencies to implement additional portions of their state-mandated “Water Shortage Contingency Plans,” which trigger restrictions on things like irrigation.
He also directed the State Water Resources Control Board to consider a ban on watering grass at businesses and institutions.
“We’re going to have to double down and make the most of our limited (water) supplies. We have to go further to adapt to the new normal.”Lisa Lien-Mager, California Natural Resources Agency
“We’ve been really driving toward a regional approach in partnership with local agencies,” said Lisa Lien-Mager, a spokesperson for the California Natural Resources Agency. “A lot of local agencies are setting new targets, implementing drought contingency plans.”
Many local water agencies have already implemented restrictions. For example, the Santa Clara Valley Water District board voted April 12 to limit watering lawns and landscaping to no more than two days a week and never during the warmest parts of the day.
Also, the East Bay Municipal Utility District mandated a 10 percent water use reduction compared to 2020 and set a limit of roughly 1,646 gallons of water per day for households, which could face fines for ongoing over-use, and has limited outdoor watering to three times per week.
“We also recognize we’ve made a lot of progress so far in embracing conservation as a way of life,” Lien-Mager said. “We’re going to have to double down and make the most of our limited (water) supplies. We have to go further to adapt to the new normal.”