Two-year-old Avery squealed with delight as she stepped on a tile of an outdoor disco floor at Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari: A Wildly Illuminating Lantern Festival, which changed from white to blue, then purple, then red.  

Toddlers, preteens and adults alike amused themselves hopping and dancing on the board game-like light-up path — which called to mind the sidewalk in Michael Jackson’s “Billie Jean” video — while, appropriately enough, The Weeknd’s ’80s-influenced “Blinding Lights” chimed and pulsed in the background. Nearby, kids crammed into circular swings that emitted a softer glow and changed colors like giant plastic mood rings. 

Maureen Mitchell of Alameda takes a photo of Sarah Johnson and her 2-year-old daughter Avery, also of Alameda, in a glowing swing at Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari on Thursday. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

That was only one corner of Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari holiday extravaganza, and that’s not to mention the hundreds of lantern sculptures throughout the zoo shaped like all manner of life-size and oversize flora and fauna that might flutter wings or bob heads when you least expected it. The intricate hand-painted paper, lit by LED lights, gave the lanterns the dazzling effect of stained-glass windows. 

Thursday night was the special preview of the festival, which opens to the public on Friday and runs through Jan. 30, for Oakland Zoo volunteers and employees. Maureen Mitchell of Alameda, who brought Avery and her mom, Sarah Johnson, also from Alameda, said she returned Glowfari after first attending last year’s event. 

“I like how kid-friendly it is, but adults also have fun,” Mitchell said. “It brings out their inner child.” 

In the lantern landscape of Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari, cheetahs chase zebras, while animatronic elephants curl and uncurl their trunks. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

A psychedelic wall of luminescent vines, fluttering butterflies and large 3-D flowers, whose petals moved in hypnotic, come-hither motions, greeted visitors. In the meadow, glowing cheetahs appeared to be frozen mid-leap attacking a zebra, while a hippo was caught yawning, revealing his big pink mouth. An oversized peacock suddenly lifted his tail feathers and displayed his train, putting on a light show worthy of Las Vegas, while little kids exploring the festival stared, their mouths agape. Lantern elephants curled and uncurled their trunks in a surprisingly natural way. 

“It’s unique. You’re here at the zoo, and you can’t see the animals, but you can see all these fake animals,” Mitchell said brightly.  

When you walked deeper into the zoo, however, the smell of dung didn’t let you forget that living animals call the park their home. A real eland — a type of antelope found in East and South Africa — lurked in the shadows of its enclosure across the way from a spectacular giant porcupine with radiant gold-and-white striped quills. 

Visitors walk past the porcupine lantern on their way to the gondola at Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

The Oakland Zoo animal care department works hard to make sure the lanterns, and the music coming out of the sound system, won’t disturb the zoo animals, explained Erin Harrison, vice president of marketing and communications for the zoo.  

“We’re really careful about where we place lanterns,” she said. “We are not going to put a predator lantern anywhere near our giraffe habitat, because during the daytime the giraffes are going to see it, and they could get upset. And we make sure all the animals get settled in indoors for the night before we turn on the lights and start the show.” 

The eland, however, is one of the few creatures given a choice about whether he wants to be indoors or outside during Glowfari. “So we do testing for a couple weeks before with the animal care, where we see like, ‘Are they reacting; are they OK with it?’,” Harrison said. The eland were “one of the very few livestock sort of animals that are OK with it. He was the only one that stayed out. The other eland were like, ‘No, we’re going in for the night.’ But he stayed out, which was cute.” 

Visitors walk through the ant lantern tunnel in the California Trail area at Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

Elsewhere, glowing lanterns in the forms of monkeys, birds, squirrels and cicadas clung to real trees. Acorns were projected on to the walkway, and besides the myriad 3-D light sculptures, LED string lights were shaped into 2-D landscapes of animals and trees. Visitors who rode the gondola up to California Trail arrived in a strange land of oversize bugs and flowers. It would almost be creepy if the beasts weren’t lit up so cheerfully. 

The lanterns were created by the one of the event’s partners, the Chinese company Tianyu Arts & Culture, Inc. Harrison said the zoo staff collaborates with Tianyu on choosing the animals and diorama designs for Glowfari. Once the lanterns have been fabricated in China, Tianyu ships at least 16 containers worth of sculptures to Oakland in October and sends a staff to live here for a few months to erect the lanterns and maintain them throughout Glowfari’s run.  

A sign at Glowfari’s display of animatronic African elephant lanterns explains that the massive mammals are threatened by poachers who illegally hunt them for their tusks. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

“That was a challenge in and of itself, getting it here, as you can probably guess with all the shipping craziness,” Harrison said. She estimates about three containers-worth of lanterns were repurposed from last year’s Glowfari for this year’s event, whereas 13 containers-worth were completely new. At the end of the event, the lanterns are packed up and stored at a Northern California warehouse, so Tianyu can use them at other zoos, botanical gardens and lantern festivals, which have grown in popularity in the United States in the last few years. 

“This year, they added a lot more animatronic pieces,” Harrison said, noting she was particularly impressed with the elephant trunks. “It’s amazing what they can do. What I love is you can barely see the mechanism inside the lantern, even though they’re so thin. 

“We love changing it up and bringing in new lanterns every year,” she continued. “So it’s still Glowfari, but it’s like a new experience.” 

Oversize bees, ants, cicadas and flowers illuminate the California Trail at Oakland Zoo. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

Glowfari debuted at the zoo in fall 2020. Prior to that, Oakland Zoo had been known for its holiday-season event, ZooLights, which featured metal structures in the shapes of animals and holiday themes adorned with Christmas-type light bulbs. When Harrison saw Tianyu’s lanterns at a zoo conference, she said she was ready for Oakland Zoo to try something different. 

“I’m like, ‘This is fantastic. We’ve been doing ZooLights for like, 25 years,'” she said. “And in my opinion, it was tired, it had been done and I wanted something fresh and new and exciting.” Initially, Harrison received pushback for breaking with tradition, but eventually, she got the green light to try it for 2020. “The zoo is evolving, and our events need to evolve, too,” she said. 

But no one saw COVID coming — Harrison said Glowfari had been in the works a year before the pandemic struck. And COVID visa restrictions in fall 2020 prevented most of Tianyu’s staff from traveling to Oakland to install the most complicated interactive pieces; so Oakland Zoo had to hire local engineers to help erect the lanterns that year. 

A lantern of a gigantic red panda head appears to pop out of a boulder at Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

When it opened on Nov. 20, 2020, Glowfari was so popular for Bay Area residents anxious to leave their homes, it sold out through December. But another COVID wave prompted a lockdown that forced the zoo to close from Dec. 7, 2020, all the way to Feb. 5, 2021. 

“We were thinking by that time people would be over doing something for the holidays,” Harrison said. “But no, we actually had to extend it up until Daylight Savings Time because of the demand, just to make sure we didn’t have to turn people away. Because clearly everybody needed to have some fun at the time.” 

Because Glowfari was such a hit, Oakland Zoo brought it back for fall 2021. This year and last, the zoo worked with Tianyu to make sure the lantern-filled landscapes were not only amusing and delightful, but educational about conservation efforts. Placed throughout the exhibition are signs with the stories of the animals depicted, like California condors, gray wolves, African elephants and polar bears, and their challenges surviving in the wild as the climate changes. 

Lanterns in the shape of giant flowers and succulents are among Glowfari’s sprawling landscapes. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

For example, dozens of lantern pandas filled a massive 3-D forest of fake bamboo. Molly Diamond of Sunnyvale, a volunteer who works with goats and in the zoo’s commissary, was admiring the scene with her boyfriend, Chris McCreddin, also of Sunnyvale, at Thursday’s event. “We love it,” Diamond said. “It’s so magical. It’s cool that everything is different this year.” 

Diamond and McCreddin started dating during the pandemic, and coming to the first Glowfari in 2020 was their first outing as a couple. McCreddin said that after being cooped up for months, visiting the attraction was a real treat. “I was like ‘Yay, finally something to do!’,” he said. 

Molly Diamond and Chris McCreddin of Sunnyvale check out the panda lanterns in the bamboo forest at Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari on Thursday. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

The zoo is requiring online reservations and staggering entry times to keep visitors as safe as possible during the ongoing COVID pandemic. Unvaccinated guests are required to wear masks, while vaccinated guests are free to remove them outdoors. This year, rides like the train, gondola and carousel are open.  

A (masked) Santa will be available for children to visit and pose for pictures with in the Winter Wonderland area Fridays, Saturday and Sundays nights in November and every night from Dec. 1 to Dec. 23, but otherwise, Glowfari is not a specifically Christmas-oriented event. “We want to make sure everyone felt really welcomed,” Harrison said.  

There was no Christmas music playing, but the playlist piped throughout the park definitely had a theme: Beside “Blinding Lights,” it included Journey’s “Lights” (obviously), “Flashing Lights” by Kanye West, “Everlasting Light” by the Black Keys and Manfred Mann’s “Blinded by the Light.” 

Marilyn Morrish, a 20-year zoo volunteer from Walnut Creek, had been watching lanterns for this year’s Glowfari as they were being installed. “It’s impressive in the daytime, but at night, it’s breathtaking,” she said. 

From left, Marilyn Morrish of Walnut Creek, an Oakland Zoo volunteer for 20 years, watches a friend, Chris Stieger of Pleasant Hill, photograph a butterfly lantern at Glowfari on Thursday. (Ray Saint Germain/Bay City News)

Oakland Zoo’s Glowfari: A Wildly Illuminating Lantern Festival is open daily from 5-10 p.m., with the last timed ticket entry at 8:30 p.m., through Jan. 30. The zoo will be closed Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day and New Year’s Day. Unvaccinated guest are required to wear masks in the park. Advance timed tickets, $20-$24, are required and are available at

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